Business Intelligence: Multilevel BI

There are multiple styles for an annotated bibliography. This post shows one of those styles. This post explains what a multilevel business intelligence setup is, and describes how this type of arrangement affects the framework of an organization’s decision-making processes.

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Annotated Bibliography

Citation:

Curry, E., Hasan, S., & O’Riain, S. (2012, October). Enterprise energy management using a linked dataspace for energy intelligence. In Sustainable Internet and ICT for Sustainability (SustainIT), 2012 (pp. 1-6). IEEE.

Author’s Abstract:

“Energy Intelligence platforms can help organizations manage power consumption more efficiently by providing a functional view of the entire organization so that the energy consumption of business activities can be understood, changed, and reinvented to better support sustainable practices. Significant technical challenges exist in terms of information management, cross-domain data integration, leveraging real-time data, and assisting users to interpret the information to optimize energy usage. This paper presents an architectural approach to overcome these challenges using a Dataspace, Linked Data, and Complex Event Processing. The paper describes the fundamentals of the approach and demonstrates it within an Enterprise Energy Observatory.”

 

My Personal Summary:

Using BI as a foundation, a linked (key data is connected to each other to provide information and knowledge) dataspace (a huge data mart with data that is related to each other when needed) for energy intelligence was implemented for the Digital Enterprise Research Institute (DERI), which has ~130 staff located in one building.  The program was trying to measure the direct (electricity costs for data centers, lights, monitors, etc.) and indirect (cost of fuel burned, the cost of gas used by commuting staff) energy usage of the enterprise to become a more sustainable company (as climate change is a big topic these days).  It covered that a multi-level and holistic view of the business intelligence (on energy usage) was needed.  They talked about each of the individual types of information conveyed at each level.

My Personal Assessment:

However, this paper didn’t go into how effective was the implementation of this system.  What would have improved this paper, is saying something about the decrease in the CO2 emission DERI had over the past year.  They could have graphed a time series chart showing power consumption before implementation of this multi-level BI system and after.  This paper was objective but didn’t have any slant as to why we should implement a similar system.  They state that their future work is to provide more granularity in their levels, but nothing on what business value it has had on the company.  Thus, with no figures stating the value of this system, this paper seemed more like a conceptual, how-to manual.

My Personal Reflection:

This paper doesn’t fit well into my research topic.  But, it was helpful in defining a data space and multi-level and holistic BI system.  I may use the conceptual methodology of a data space in my methodology, where I collect secondary data from the National Hurricane Center into a big data warehouse and link the data as it seems relevant.  This, should save me time, and reduce labor intensive costs to data integration due to postponing it when they are required.  It has changed my appreciation of data science, as there is another philosophy to just bringing in one data set at a time into a data warehouse and make all your connections, before moving on to the next data set.

A multilevel business intelligence setup and how it affects the framework of an organization’s decision-making processes. 

In Curry et al. (2012), they applied a linked data space BI system to a holistic and multi-level organization.  Holistic aspects of their BI system included Enterprise Resource Planning, finance, facility management, human resources, asset management and code compliance.  From a holistic standpoint, most of these groups had silo information that made it difficult to leverage across their domains.  However, this is different than multi-level BI system setup.  Defined in Table II in Curry et al (2012), in the multi-level set up, the data gets shown to the organization (stakeholders are executive members, shareholders, regulators, suppliers, consumers), functional (stakeholders are functional managers, organization manager), and individual level (stakeholders are the employees).  Each of these stakeholders has different information requirements and different levels of access to certain types of data. Thus, the multi-level BI system must take this into account.  Thus, different information requirements and access mean different energy metrics, i.e. Organizational Level Metrics could be Total Energy Consumption, % Renewable energy sources, versus Individual Level Metrics could be Business Travel, Individual IT consumption, Laptop electricity consumption, etc.  It wouldn’t make sense that an executive or a stake holder to look at every 130 staff members Laptop electricity consumption metric when they could get a company-wide figure.   However, the authors did note that the level organization data can be further drilled down, to see where the cause could be for a particular event in question.  Certain data that the executives can see will not be accessed by all individual employees. Thus, a multi-level BI system also addresses this.  Also, employee A cannot view employee B’s energy consumption because of lateral level view of the BI system data may not be permissible.

Each of the different levels of metrics reported out by this multi-level BI system allows that particular level to make data-driven decisions to reduce their carbon footprint.  An executive can look at the organizational level metrics, and institute a power down your monitors at night initiative to save power corporate wide.  But, at the individual level, they could choose to leave to go to work earlier, not to be in traffic too long and waste less gas, thus reducing their indirect carbon footprint for the company.  Managers can make decisions to a request for funding for energy efficient monitors and laptops for all their teams, or even a single power strip per person, to reduce their teams’ energy consumption cost, which is based on the level of metrics they can view.

 

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